…Are Pencils in Danger?…
What do pencils and battery-powered vehicles have in common?
Graphite is used in pencils and in the Lithium-ion batteries powering battery-powered vehicles.
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), more pounds of graphite are used in a Lithium-ion battery than copper.
According to the US Geological Service (USGS) In 2021 the world used 1.05 million tons of graphite, 80% of which was supplied by China.
If every car sold in the US in 2019, the year before the pandemic, had been a battery-powered vehicle, the US would have used 1.12 million tons of graphite … More than the world consumed in 2021.
Will it be possible to mine enough graphite to build the batteries needed by battery-powered vehicles? And will the world be dependent on China for graphite?
How many other materials will be in short supply if the world transitions to battery-powered vehicles?
The quantities could be staggering and will be covered in the next article.
This is one of the many issues raised in the book, Clean Energy Crisis, The Challenge of Replacing Fossil Fuels, which is available from Amazon.
The lowly pencil suddenly emerges as a critical player in the market for graphite. Will pencils become extinct?
What are the real implications of the government mandating that only battery-powered vehicles can be sold in the United States?
The Geological Survey of Finland published a 1,000-page report establishing the amount of materials needed to decarbonize the world.
The next article will look at the Finnish study and compare its conclusions with those in Clean Energy Crisis
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Clean Energy Crisis is available from Amazon
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